Another disadvantage is that even an individual or small group of people can harm image of an established brand. For instance Dopplegnager is a term that is used to disapprove an image about a certain brand that is spread by anti-brand activists, bloggers, and opinion leaders. The word Doppelganger is a combination of two German words Doppel (double) and Ganger (walker), thus it means double walker or as in English it is said alter ego. Generally brand creates images for itself to emotionally appeal to their customers. However some would disagree with this image and make alterations to this image and present in funny or cynical way, hence distorting the brand image, hence creating a Doppelganger image, blog or content (Rindfleisch, 2016).
As redes de contactos profissionais, cujo exemplo mais famoso costumava ser LinkedIn e Plaxo, são uma das várias redes sociais, como o Archifamous, MySpace e o Facebook. As redes sociais de lazer foram os primeiros a aparecer e uma vez que o seu poder de comunicação foi clara, a comunicação empresarial não demorou muito a tentar tirar vantagem deste potencial e as redes de contactos profissionais nasceram. Estas redes de contactos profissionais trabalham num link baseado num convite, interligando todos os contactos profissionais numa única conta. Desta forma, poderá surgir um variado número de negócios, que não foram visíveis no mundo off-line, através do contacto profissional retirado dessa única conta (pode ser um cliente, fornecedor, distribuidor, etc.).
Collaborative Environment: A collaborative environment can be set up between the organization, the technology service provider, and the digital agencies to optimize effort, resource sharing, reusability and communications.[36] Additionally, organizations are inviting their customers to help them better understand how to service them. This source of data is called User Generated Content. Much of this is acquired via company websites where the organization invites people to share ideas that are then evaluated by other users of the site. The most popular ideas are evaluated and implemented in some form. Using this method of acquiring data and developing new products can foster the organizations relationship with their customer as well as spawn ideas that would otherwise be overlooked. UGC is low-cost advertising as it is directly from the consumers and can save advertising costs for the organisation.
Esta plataforma es el intermediario entre la marca/ producto/ servicio que publicita y el administrador del sitio web. Por lo tanto la plataforma ofrece a sus clientes el listado de sitios afiliados y a partir de las temáticas de contenidos generales, estos elijen donde publicar sus publicidades. A su vez, el intermediario ofrece tanto al que publicita, como al administrador del sitio, un servicio de tracking o seguimiento, el cual permite visualizar la actividad que sitio genera a partir del banner o aplicación publicitaria que alojamos.

Data-driven advertising: Users generate a lot of data in every step they take on the path of customer journey and Brands can now use that data to activate their known audience with data-driven programmatic media buying. Without exposing customers' privacy, users' Data can be collected from digital channels (e.g.: when customer visits a website, reads an e-mail, or launches and interact with brand's mobile app), brands can also collect data from real world customer interactions, such as brick and mortar stores visits and from CRM and Sales engines datasets. Also known as People-based marketing or addressable media, Data-driven advertising is empowering brands to find their loyal customers in their audience and deliver in real time a much more personal communication, highly relevant to each customers' moment and actions.[37]


The criteria and metrics can be classified according to its type and time span. Regarding the type, we can either evaluate these campaigns "Quantitatively" or "Qualitatively". Quantitative metrics may include "Sales Volume" and "Revenue Increase/Decrease". While qualitative metrics may include the enhanced "Brand awareness, image and health" as well as the "relationship with the customers".
A base de dados deste tipo de modelo vai melhorar com o aumento de dados e de interacções, a solução encontrada pela empresa para que o cliente interaja vai determinar a rapidez de crescimento. Tornou-se banal o envio de publicidade via e-mail (devido ao baixo custo), por este motivo esta ferramenta tem sido alvo de cuidado acrescido para que não seja banida de forma automática como publicidade não desejada (spam).
Display advertising - As the term infers, Online Display Advertisement deals with showcasing promotional messages or ideas to the consumer on the internet. This includes a wide range of advertisements like advertising blogs, networks, interstitial ads, contextual data, ads on the search engines, classified or dynamic advertisement etc. The method can target specific audience tuning in from different types of locals to view a particular advertisement, the variations can be found as the most productive element of this method.
3. Obter o tipo de tráfego direccionado ao seu produto. Se a pessoa que visita o seu site não tem interesse nenhum no que está a oferecer, irão fechar a página, seguir em frente e nunca mais voltar. Escreva artigos específicos sobre os seus produtos e publique-os em sites próprios para tal. Desta forma, sabe que as pessoas que vêem as suas publicações são pessoas interessadas no que escreveu.

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Existem muitas empresas dedicadas à criação de sites de conteúdo, que são rentabilizados com programas de afiliados. Imagine uma empresa de mídia grande, com dezenas de sites em vários países, todos eles com milhões de visitas todos os meses. Existem também afiliados profissionais que fazem isso numa escala menor, mas ainda assim extremamente rentável. Esses sites são alimentados essencialmente de tráfego orgânico e de tráfego vindo de mídias sociais.


In the 1990s, the term Digital Marketing was first coined,.[10] With the debut of server/client architecture and the popularity of personal computers, the Customer Relationship Management (CRM) applications became a significant part of marketing technology.[citation needed] Fierce competition forced vendors to include more service into their software, for example, marketing, sales and service applications. Marketers were also able to own huge online customer data by eCRM software after the Internet was born. Companies could update the data of customer needs and obtain the priorities of their experience. This led to the first clickable banner ad being going live in 1994, which was the "You Will" campaign by AT&T and over the first four months of it going live, 44% of all people who saw it clicked on the ad.[11]

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Digital marketing is also referred to as 'online marketing', 'internet marketing' or 'web marketing'. The term digital marketing has grown in popularity over time. In the USA online marketing is still a popular term. In Italy, digital marketing is referred to as web marketing. Worldwide digital marketing has become the most common term, especially after the year 2013.[19]
“Se ha detectado un nuevo problema de Cobertura del índice“. Últimamente Google Console ha realizado cambios en la forma de comunicar los problemas, por lo que ha comenzado a enviar mensajes de esos que hacen que nos acongojemos todos los que nos dedicamos al SEO y temamos por nuestras posiciones actuales. En este artículo voy a mostrar brevemente qué significa, por qué recibimos estos mensajes y cómo podemos solucionar los …
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Influencer marketing: Important nodes are identified within related communities, known as influencers. This is becoming an important concept in digital targeting. It is possible to reach influencers via paid advertising, such as Facebook Advertising or Google Adwords campaigns, or through sophisticated sCRM (social customer relationship management) software, such as SAP C4C, Microsoft Dynamics, Sage CRM and Salesforce CRM. Many universities now focus, at Masters level, on engagement strategies for influencers.

Digital marketing is also referred to as 'online marketing', 'internet marketing' or 'web marketing'. The term digital marketing has grown in popularity over time. In the USA online marketing is still a popular term. In Italy, digital marketing is referred to as web marketing. Worldwide digital marketing has become the most common term, especially after the year 2013.[19]
Video advertising - This type of advertising in terms of digital/online means are advertisements that play on online videos e.g. YouTube videos. This type of marketing has seen an increase in popularity over time.[50] Online Video Advertising usually consists of three types: Pre-Roll advertisements which play before the video is watched, Mid-Roll advertisements which play during the video, or Post-Roll advertisements which play after the video is watched.[51] Post-roll advertisements were shown to have better brand recognition in relation to the other types, where-as "ad-context congruity/incongruity plays an important role in reinforcing ad memorability".[50] Due to selective attention from viewers, there is the likelihood that the message may not be received.[52] The main advantage of video advertising is that it disrupts the viewing experience of the video and therefore there is a difficulty in attempting to avoid them. How a consumer interacts with online video advertising can come down to three stages: Pre attention, attention, and behavioural decision.[53] These online advertisements give the brand/business options and choices. These consist of length, position, adjacent video content which all directly affect the effectiveness of the produced advertisement time,[50] therefore manipulating these variables will yield different results. Length of the advertisement has shown to affect memorability where-as longer duration resulted in increased brand recognition.[50] This type of advertising, due to its nature of interruption of the viewer, it is likely that the consumer may feel as if their experience is being interrupted or invaded, creating negative perception of the brand.[50] These advertisements are also available to be shared by the viewers, adding to the attractiveness of this platform. Sharing these videos can be equated to the online version of word by mouth marketing, extending number of people reached.[54] Sharing videos creates six different outcomes: these being "pleasure, affection, inclusion, escape, relaxation, and control".[50] As well, videos that have entertainment value are more likely to be shared, yet pleasure is the strongest motivator to pass videos on. Creating a ‘viral’ trend from mass amount of a brands advertisement can maximize the outcome of an online video advert whether it be positive or a negative outcome.
Cross-platform measurement: The number of marketing channels continues to expand, as measurement practices are growing in complexity. A cross-platform view must be used to unify audience measurement and media planning. Market researchers need to understand how the Omni-channel affects consumer's behaviour, although when advertisements are on a consumer's device this does not get measured. Significant aspects to cross-platform measurement involves de-duplication and understanding that you have reached an incremental level with another platform, rather than delivering more impressions against people that have previously been reached (Whiteside, 2016).[42] An example is ‘ESPN and comScore partnered on Project Blueprint discovering the sports broadcaster achieved a 21% increase in unduplicated daily reach thanks to digital advertising’ (Whiteside, 2016).[42] Television and radio industries are the electronic media, which competes with digital and other technological advertising. Yet television advertising is not directly competing with online digital advertising due to being able to cross platform with digital technology. Radio also gains power through cross platforms, in online streaming content. Television and radio continue to persuade and affect the audience, across multiple platforms (Fill, Hughes, & De Franceso, 2013).[45]
Una guía completísima y útil Frank. El asunto “publicidad frente a afiliación” es bastante interesante, sobre todo porque la publi convencional en Internet parece que ha tocado casi fondo. De hecho hasta el New York Times se interesa ahora por los enlaces de afiliados como via de diversificar ingresos y ha comprado una web que se dedica precisamente a eso, a revisar productos y obtener comisiones de Amazon, como modelo de negocio.
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